More free Pentesting resources

While I wrote the articles about how to start a pentesting career I came accross more great resources that I did not mention before, so here they are. Most of it is hands-on :).

The Complete Beginner Network Penetration Testing Course for 2019

CTP/OSCE Prep – Wrapping Up Our Prep
Article with OSCE resources.
https://h0mbre.github.io/CTP_Summary/#

Web Application Exploits and Defenses
Online Webapp hacking.
https://google-gruyere.appspot.com/

XSS challenges
Online XSS challenges.
http://xss-quiz.int21h.jp/

XXE Lab
XXE Lab for downloading and hacking.
https://github.com/jbarone/xxelab

Root Me
Hacking challenges online.
https://www.root-me.org/

Cryptopals
Crypto hacking CTF.
https://cryptopals.com/

RingZer0 CTF
https://ringzer0ctf.com/challenges

Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA)
Vulnerable weeb hacking VM (download).
http://www.dvwa.co.uk/

Pentesterlab
List of the free Webapp hacking excercises.
https://pentesterlab.com/exercises?dir=desc&only=free&sort=published_at

Link List with more CTFs and excercises
https://wheresmykeyboard.com/2016/07/hacking-sites-ctfs-wargames-practice-hacking-skills/

Kali Training
https://kali.training/

Vulnhub
Loads of challenges and VMs (downloads).
https://www.vulnhub.com/

Career Path Security Researcher & Bug Bounty

Security Researchers work in the field of bug bounties and exploitation, often they are independent but sometimes they also work as employees. I think that both paths are not easy, but of course it can be done. On both paths you can earn lots of $$$ but I also heard of people who came out disappointed. Some people starting this as a side job and then go independent. If you don’t know some basics look here and here.

The reason why I put both paths in one post is that for me you need a similar mindset. You have to be highly motivated, need to learn a lot before you gain some success (well, at least for most people) and if you go independent you work on your own. For both you need a plan or tactics, you can’t just start hacking and hope to find something.

When you want to participate in bug bounties normally you are using platforms like hackerone or bugcrowd, but lot’s of companies have their own bounty programs. Since most of these programs are public this makes starting easy.

On the other hand, when you want to start as a researcher and do exploit development, you also have some public resources like ZDI or zerodium. But what is more important than in bug bounty, is networking with other researchers and companies. One way is to go at conferences and trainings, have a look at the links section of this article.

Both paths might take months or even years until you get into it, so this article can only be a starting point that I hope is helpful.

Links

Bug Bounty

Blog Articles, programs

LevelUp 0x02 – Bug Bounty Hunter Methodology v3

Advanced Web Attacks and Exploitation (AWAE)

Probably interesting for both paths, but web hacking is more bug bounty for me…
https://www.offensive-security.com/information-security-training/advanced-web-attack-and-exploitation/

Exploiting

35C3 – From Zero to Zero Day

The Exploit tutorials from corelan

https://www.corelan.be/index.php/articles/
That said, I can highly recommend the trainings that you can book at several conferences:
https://www.corelan-training.com/

OSCE- Cracking the Perimeter (CTP)

Also mentioned here before, the Offensive Security course and certification:
https://www.offensive-security.com/information-security-training/cracking-the-perimeter/

OSEE – Advanced Windows Exploitation (AWE)

I also heard great things about the AWE (OSEE) for more in depth exploitation, but I don’t have personal experience here.

Even more links:
https://www.zerodayinitiative.com/
https://zerodium.com/
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/
and especially this article from project zero:
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/p/working-at-project-zero.html

Conferences

As said before, learning new things and networking is really important, so here are some conferences that seem good, you should also consider to take some trainings:

Books

Hands-On Bug Hunting for Penetration Testers
Author: Joseph Marshall
Content: Go through common bugs in Webapps and introduction to bug bounties
Career: Penetration Tester, Bug Bounty
Level: Beginner
Buy at Amazon U.S.
Buy at Amazon Germany

The Shellcoder’s Handbook
Authors: Chris Anley, John Heasman, Felix “FX” Lindner, Gerardo Richarte
Content: Exploiting security holes for Windows, Solaris, MacOSX, Cisco. Although from 2007 still worth reading.
Career: Penetration Tester, Exploiter
Level: Intermediate, Experts
Buy at Amazon U.S.
Buy at Amazon Germany

Hacking: The Art of Exploitation
Author: Jon Erickson
Content: Goes from the first steps in Bash and C to in depth exploitation and debugging on Linux.
Career: Penetration Tester, Exploit Developer
Level: Beginner, Intermediate, Expert
Buy at Amazon U.S.
Buy at Amazon Germany

And here is a great free book:
Modern Windows Exploit Development
http://docs.alexomar.com/biblioteca/Modern%20Windows%20Exploit%20Development.pdf

Book Review Hands-on Bug Hunting for Penetration Testers

Hands-On Bug Hunting for Penetration Testers
Author: Joseph Marshall
Content: Go through common bugs in Webapps and introduction to bug bounties
Career: Penetration Tester, Bug Bounty
Level: Beginner
Buy at Amazon U.S.
Buy at Amazon Germany

The main audience of Bug Hunting for Penetration Testers are coders and penetration testers interested in bug bounties. The book goes through bug bounty programs, penetration testing and the usual web security vulnerabilites like XSS, SQL injections, XEE and so on.

As the title sais, the book was written for people with prior knowledge in penetration testing. So the vulnerabtilies are not explained in depth, but nevertheless it is suitable also for beginners if they are willing to go deeper later and using other sources, after each chapter there are some recommendations for it.

For me the perspective as a bug hunter is pretty interesting, and the book is going into automatisation of some tasks and which vulnerabilites are usually interesting for bug bounty programs and how to report them. For getting an impression about the coding have a look here, unfortunatelly the code base is for python 2.7 and not python 3. The books is also informing about information gathering and bug bounty strategies. What I also like are the end-to-end examples, from finding and exploiting a vulnerability to a short example report. Later reporting is explained into more detail.

If you are interested in Bug Bounty programs you should have a look into this book.

Review Portswigger Web Security Academy

Link: Web Security Academy
Content: Teaches the basics of Web Application Security, so far SQL Injection, XSS, OS command injection and File Path traversal. Comes with small labs.
Career: Penetration Tester but I recommend it also for everyone interested in security
Level: Beginner
Price: Free

Web Security Academy

The description from the originial website:
Welcome to the Web Security Academy. This is a brand new learning resource providing free training on web security vulnerabilities, techniques for finding and exploiting bugs, and defensive measures for avoiding them.
The Web Security Academy contains high-quality learning materials, interactive vulnerability labs, and video tutorials. You can learn at your own pace, wherever and whenever suits you. Best of all, everything is free!

For tracking and doing the labs you need to create an accout.

I found the explanations and the labs very suitable for beginners and I think it is a great starting point for web application security.

The team behind it is the same that is behind the Burpsuite and the famous Web Application Hackers Handbook (consider buying it if you want to go deeper into the topic):

The Web Application Hackers Handbook
Authors: Daffy Stuttard, Marcus Pinto
Content: The standard book about hacking Web Applications, goes into depth about the most important topics. Authors also created the BurpSuit.
Career: Penetration Tester
Level: Good for beginners, but also useful for experienced penetration testers
Buy at Amazon U.S.
Buy at Amazon Germany

Review Wargames Over the Wire

URL: http://overthewire.org/wargames/
Career Path: Pentesters, Beginners in Security
Level: All, good for beginners

The wargames are free & fun, I tested two games so far, Bandit and Natas, but there are much more that include also crypto and explotation wargames.

Bandit

From the website:

  • aimed to absolute beginners
  • connection over ssh with given credentials, no registration needed
  • for learning linux commands/hacking
  • in each level you have to find the password for the next level
  • exercides are for example search for the password in hidden files, files with special characters, learning commands
  • Reading the exercise makes absolute sense here 😉

Example:
The password for the next level is stored somewhere on the server and has all of the following properties:* owned by user bandit7* owned by group bandit6* 33 bytes in size

For starting you get your first credentials and then hack on:

http://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit/

Natas
Natas is for learning webserver security. You can just start right away and log into the first exercise:

http://natas0.natas.labs.overthewire.org/
  • Read the source code
  • Use a proxy like Burpsuite might be useful
  • starting simple, but you should read a bit about html and http before starting
  • first find tokens in code, files, change cookies and so on

I hope I will have some time to write about the other wargames too.

Hack on!